James Madison
Patent for a Churn
Location of original: Offices of Beem Patent Law Firm, Chicago, IL

Key Signers
President: James Madison
Secretary of State: James Monroe
Attorney General: Caesar Rodney

Patent Information
Date signed: November 27, 1811
Inventor: Adam Sheble
Invention Title: Churn

James Madison, as president, and James Monroe, as secretary of state, signed this patent on a new and useful improvement to the churn in the 36th year of independence. On display is the first page of the patent, which has multiple pages bound by a yellow ribbon along the left side.

Mr. Sheble paid a fee of $30 to get a patent which had a term of 14 years.