James Monroe
Patent for a Pan and Furnace for Evaporating Liquids
Location of original: Offices of Beem Patent Law Firm, Chicago, IL

Key Signers
President: James Monroe
Secretary of State: John Quincy Adams
Attorney General: William Wirt

Patent Information
Date signed: January 14, 1825
Inventor: Augustus Kolb
Invention Title: Pan and Furnace for Evaporating Liquids

In this patent, only a portion of the year is preprinted (“eighteen hundred and ___”). For the year of independence, the form no longer includes any preprinting of the year. The ribbon is now navy blue. The preprinted text is more scripted than on previous patents.


John Quincy Adams continued to take an interest in patents, as Secretary of State in 1823, intervening to authorize hiring of a skilled mechanic for repair of patent models. Later as President he delivered a message to Congress in 1825 calling for improvement of the patent system, and he often worked late into the night to review and sign patents. See Paul C. Nagel, John Quincy Adams (1997).


Early U.S. Supreme Court decisions looked to the common law od the “mother country,” i.e. England, for precedent on the interpretation and application of patent law, tracing the development of the law and its underlying principles to the Statute of James. See, e.g. Pennock v. Dialogue, 27 U.S. 1 (1829)