Location of original: Offices of Beem Patent Law Firm, Chicago, IL

Key Signers

President: James Monroe
Secretary of State: John Quincy Adams
Attorney General: William Wirt

Patent Information

Date signed: January 14, 1825
Inventor: Augustus Kolb
Invention Title: Pan and Furnace for Evaporating Liquids

In this patent, only a portion of the year is preprinted (“eighteen hundred and ___”). For the year of independence, the form no longer includes any preprinting of the year. The ribbon is now navy blue. The preprinted text is more scripted than on previous patents.

Rising Interest in Patents

John Quincy Adams continued to take an interest in patents, as Secretary of State in 1823, intervening to authorize hiring of a skilled mechanic for repair of patent models. Later as President he delivered a message to Congress in 1825 calling for improvement of the patent system, and he often worked late into the night to review and sign patents. See Paul C. Nagel, John Quincy Adams (1997).

Supreme Court Weighs In

Early U.S. Supreme Court decisions looked to the common law of the “mother country,” i.e. England, for precedent on the interpretation and application of patent law, tracing the development of the law and its underlying principles to the Statute of James. See, e.g. Pennock v. Dialogue, 27 U.S. 1 (1829)

Patent Transcript

The United States of America,


Whereas Augustus Kolb a Citizen of the United States, hath alleged that he has invented a new and useful improvement

of a Pan for evaporating liquids, also a furnace; calculated for common Salt, Alum

which improvement he states has not been known or used before his application; hath made oath that he does verily believe that he is the true inventor or discoverer of the said improvement; hath paid into the treasury of the United States the sum of thirty dollars, delivered a receipt for the same, and presented a petition to the Secretary of State, signifying a desire of obtaining an exclusive property in the said improvement, and praying that a patent may be granted for that purpose: These are therefore to grant, according to law, to the said Augustus Kolb his heirs, administrators or assigns, for the term of fourteen years, from the fourteenth day of January one thousand eight hundred and twenty five the full and exclusive right and liberty of making, constructing, using and vending to others to be used, the said improvement; a description whereof is given in the words of the said Augustus Kolb himself, in the schedule hereto annexed, and is made a part of these presents.

In Testimony whereof, I have caused these Letters to be made Patent, and the Seal of the United States to be hereunto affixed.

GIVEN under my hand, at the City of Washington, this fourteenth day of January in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty five and of the independence of the United States of America the forty ninth.

James Monroe


John Quincy Adams  Secretary of State.

City of Washington, TO WIT:

I DO HEREBY CERTIFY, That the foregoing Letters Patent were delivered to me on the fourteenth day of January in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty five to be examined; that I have examined the same, and find them conformable to law: and I do hereby return the same to the Secretary of State, within fifteen days from the date aforesaid, to wit; on this fourteenth day of January in the year aforesaid.

William Wirt Attorney General of the United States.

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