Location of original: Offices of Beem Patent Law Firm, Chicago, IL

Key Signers

President: James Madison
Secretary of State: James Monroe
Attorney General: Caesar Rodney

Patent Information

Date signed: November 27, 1811
Inventor: Adam Sheble
Invention Title: Churn

James Madison, as president, and James Monroe, as secretary of state, signed this patent on a new and useful improvement to the churn in the 36th year of independence. On display is the first page of the patent, which has multiple pages bound by a yellow ribbon along the left side.

Mr. Sheble paid a fee of $30 to get a patent which had a term of 14 years.

Patent Transcript

The United States of America,

To all to whom these Letters Patent shall come:

Whereas Adam Sheble a Citizen of the United States, hath alleged that he has invented a new and useful improvement

in the Churn

which improvement he states has not been known or used before his application; has made oath that he does verily believe that he is the true inventor or discoverer of the said improvement, has paid into the treasury of the United States, the sum of thirty dollars, delivered a receipt for the same, and presented a petition to the Secretary of State, signifying a desire of obtaining an exclusive property in the said improvement, and praying that a patent may be granted for that purpose: These are therefore to grant, according to law, to the said Adam Sheble his heirs, administrators, or assigns, for the term of fourteen years, from the twenty seventh day of November 1811 the full and exclusive right and liberty of making, constructing, using and vending to others to be used, the said improvement; a description whereof is given in the words of the said Adam Sheble himself, in the schedule hereto annexed, and is made a part of these presents.

In testimony whereof, I have caused these Letters to be made Patent, and the Seal of the United States to be hereunto affixed.

GIVEN under my hand, at the city of Washington, this twenty seventh day of November in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and eleven and of the independence of the United States of America, the thirty sixth.

James Madison

By the President.

James Monroe  Secretary of State.

City of Washington, To wit:

I DO HEREBY CERTIFY, That the foregoing Letters Patent, were delivered to me on the twenty seventh day of November in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and eleven to be examined; that I have examined the same, and find them conformable to law: and I do hereby return the same to the Secretary of State, within fifteen days from the date aforesaid, to wit: — On this twenty seventh day of November in the year aforesaid.

Caesar Rodney Attorney General of the United States.

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